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PILATUS4 Hybrid Photon Counting Detectors

PILATUS4 R CdTe 1M: 2 x 4 modules, 155 x 162 mm active area, 1033 x 1080 pixels, 0.15 mm pixelsize
  • 2 x 5 modules
  • 169 x 180 mm active area
  • 981 x 1043 pixels
  • 5 frames/second
  • Travel range along beam: 45 - 395 mm
  • 2-theta range: 0 - 30 deg.
  • Max. resolution with Cu-Ka: approx 1.1 Ang.
  • Resolution: 0.002°
  • Speed: 1°/sec
  • Sphere of confusion: < 10 μm
Crystal monitor

Built-in monitor (7'') for sample centering

Cryo cooler
Oxford Cryosystems cooler: 700/800/1000 series

Since its introduction the hybrid photon counting technology implemented in the detectors manufactured by DECTRIS AG, Switzerland, have become the leading technology for synchrotron applications in crystallography and other fields of X-ray diffraction. The new PILATUS4 R series of detectors have been designed specifically for home lab use. Technically, they are identical to the synchrotron versions except for a slightly smaller frame rate and will satisfy most in-house demands.

marXperts offers full support for the PILATUS4 series of detectors with our mardtb goniostat. In fact, the PILATUS4 detectors fit nicely on the mardtb and data collection is fully integrated into our well-known data collection software.



Detectors with Si sensors suffer from lack of sensitivity when used with harder X-rays. The CdTe sensor, in contrast, works equally well with Cu, Mo, Ag or In sources.


Continuous read-out with virtually no dead-time allows for fine φ-slicing and shutterless data collection.


Small pixels of 150 μm


10 frames/second for 1M version, 100 frames/second for 260K version.


Extremely high, no point-spread due to direct conversion leading to small spots with better I/σ. 


Virtually no read-out noise.


Virtually unlimited (32 bits).


2 x 4 modules, 155 x 162mm, 1033 x 1080 pixels


2 modules, 77x 79.5 mm, 513x 530 pixels


    mardtb desktop beamline with PILATUS3 R 1M detector mar260K/1M:

    The PILATUS4 R 260K, 300K or 1M detector is mounted on a mardtb goniostat. The mardtb  “desktop beamline” features a fully automatic beam alignment system and more than 10 motors including an “inverted PHI” assembly and a 2-theta stage. The mar260K/1M system is a complete data collection system that can be operated with any X-ray source (sealed tubes to synchrotrons), the most cost efficient combination being the marYX3G system.

    marmuX2G Data Collection System marYX3G:

    A PILATUS4 R 260K or 1M detector with a mardtb goniostat in combination with a marµX microfocus generator. This system is the perfect choice, when cost-of-ownership and maintenance issues come into play. Despite of the low price, the system is highly suitable for fast screening experiments, but also for complete data collections of small crystals and other kinds of diffraction experiments.

    Excillum MetalJet X-ray source metaljet:

    If you are aiming at the ultimate performance in the home lab, a combination of a MetalJet X-ray source with a PILATUS4 R 1M detector and a mardtb goniostat is the very best you can obtain today. Excillum's patented MetalJet technology beats any other conventional X-ray source in terms of brilliance and is a true alternative to a synchrotron. Please contact us for further details!

    UPGRADE OF mar345dtb

    Existing mar345dtb detector sytems can easily be upgraded with a PILATUS4 detector, i.e.  the mardtb can be used together with a PILATUS4 260K or 1M detector. When  using the small PILATUS4 260K detector, it is possible to mount the detector in front of the mar345 detector. One can then easily take away the small 260K detector and use the large mar345 image plate detector if there is a need for a large detector surface.


    An exiting experiment has been done with a marYX2G X-ray generator system consisting of a marYS X-ray source, a mardtb goniostat and a PILATUS3 R 200K detector (the precessor of the new PILATUS4 R 260K). The setup has been used to quickly collect with a capillary mounted lysozyme crystal at room temperature. Four hours of data collection were sufficient for ab initio phasing with the SHELX package. Please see the application note AN12Mar15 for further information or download the pdf file.

    Another experiment has been carried out with a PILATUS3 R 1M detector (precessor of the new PILATUS4 R 1M) mounted, again on a  marYX2G X-ray data collection system. This time, a much smaller frozen lysozyme has been used for ab-initio structure solution in a similar way. Please download the pdf file mar.AN31Jul15.pdf for further information.

    Specifications for PILATUS4 R series



    Number of detector modules 2 2 x 4
    Max. frame rate [Hz]: 100 10
    Active detector area [mm]: 83.8 x 70.0 155 x 162
    Number of pixels: 513x 530 1033x 1080
    Read-out speed continuous
    No. of energy hresholds 4 keV
    Threshold range 4-30 keV
    Pixel size [µm] 150 x 150
    Dynamic range
    32 bits
    Cooling Water-cooled
    Outside dimensions (H x W x L) 114x 133x 242 235x 237x 372
    Weight [kg] 4.7 15
    Computer requirements
    CPU Intel or AMD, ≥ 2GHz, ≥ 4-cores
    Memory (RAM) ≥ 8 GB
    Disk space ≥ 512 GB
    Monitor: 2560 x 1440 pixels (WQHD) or better (4K)!
    Network card: Dedicated >= 1 Gbit/s
    TV-card: Optional feature for mardtb goniometer
    Supported OS: Linux: Ubuntu
    On request: Mac OS X, Windows, other Linux flavours